India has great Biodiversity in its Flora and Fauna.It is home to an incredible variety of Plant, Animal and Bird Life. There are over 15000 species of Flowering plants in the country and its jungles. India has over 400 varieties of mammals and the greatest number of Cat Species in the world. Invertebrates and insects just add on to the tally.
There are over 1250 species of Birds in India. Another advantage India enjoys is that it has almost every variety of Microclimate available,from Hot to Cold Deserts, to Rain and Alpine Forests, Decidous Scrub forests, Snow and Ice, Marine Formations etc. This gives rise to an Unmatched variety of and different types of Flora and Fauna, in a comparatively compact country, which makes for easy access.
Over 520 Animal and Bird Sanctuaries, Almost 100 National Parks, 2 Marine National Parks, 40 Conservation Reserves , make viewing Wildlife and Safaris easy and reasonably priced, As compared to other parts of the world.
Unfortunately, the pressure from India's rising Population is also having its effect on Wildlife Sanctuaries, with increasing cases of Man vs Animal conflict. Many species, too, are endangered and some highly endangered, due to shrinking habitats and poaching in some cases.
A proper Wildlife Management Policy, with Local inhabitants being stake holders as well, is called for, to effectively manage and monetise wildlife tours etc.
This results in the preservation of wildlife, and, also in increased economic benefits to all shareholders. This model is well proven in some African and Other countries.
India is also known for a good population of Royal Bengal Tigers. With the increase in awareness, there are now rehabilitation centers which aim to save the rare endangered spcies.
Some of the poplar national parks of India are-
- Kaziranga National Park, Assam
- Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
- Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
- Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Gir National Park, Gujarat
- Periyar National Park, Kerala
- Sundarban National Park, West Bengal
- Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan
- Sariska National Park, Rajasthan
So,you can enjoy wildlife holidays in India by visiting the above national parks according to your choice and experience the rich and colorful wildlife of India.